A social phenomenon is observed In our case this social phenomenon will be PD and we are going to focus on observing and collecting data from positive deviants and relevant stakeholders using qualitative approaches After collecting the data and observations step back and get a bird s eye view of the data in search of patterns Infer tentative hypothesis and potential PD explanators from this data which will be validated through deductive reasoning Inductive Reasoning Deductive Reasoning Use the hypothesis generated from the inductive reasoning together with established theories from prior research to develop the quantitative data collection tools Collect data from positive deviants and non positive deviants to compare both groups You can also use digital data sources to generate and test additional predictors of performance Analyse the collected data to identify significant predictors of positively deviant performance Step 1 Gather data from positive deviants Step 2 Look for patterns Step 3 Hypothesis generation Step 4 Hypothesis Step 5 Collect data from non positive deviants Step 6 Test hypothesis Note that the first step of Figure 9 could include non positive deviants to establish an understanding of the population s normative and common behavior before interviewing positive deviants This could make it easier to identify uncommon practices and strategies among positive deviants Figure 9 DPPD study design 79 80

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